There are three different ways of handling plastic waste:


  • Recycling
  • Incineration
  • Landfill


The disposal of waste in landfill should be avoided wherever possible. Incineration does at least provide energy in the form of useful heat.

Recycling refers to the process of using plastic waste as feedstock to manufacture a product which is the same as or similar to the original product before it was disposed of by the consumer.

As shown in the diagram, incineration and landfill are currently still the most common methods of disposal in Europe. Only around 6% of the plastics used in Europe is currently recycled, while in most countries the rate of incineration is much higher. Landfill is still too common a method of disposal in the new EU member states in particular due to a lack of collection and conditioning systems and professional recyclers.

The European Commission has decided to take steps to change this unsatisfactory situation. The current collection and recycling target for all member states will soon be raised from 22.5% of all plastics in circulation to around 45%. By 2020, the Commission wants to increase the amount of plastic recycled throughout Europe to at least 70% of plastics in circulation.


Grafik Recycling Rate


Quelle: Consultic /



Plastic waste undergoes various processes to turn the recyclate back into useful products: conditioning (shredding, sorting), cleaning (washing, dry cleaning), drying and granulation (fusing by extrusion and production of granules).


Ecoplast supports avoidance, reduction and reuse as the first three steps and clear priorities in the recycling pyramid.

The next best solution, taking precedence over incineration and especially landfill, is recycling – and that is what we deliver.


Recycling pyramid